Dr Saeed Ahmed Rid is an Assistant Professor in the National Institute of Pakistan Studies at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: India-Pakistan relations, Kashmir conflict, Article 370, peace process, terrorism


As confirmed by the then foreign minister of Pakistan Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri in his book Neither a Hawk, Nor a Dove, India and Pakistan were close to resolving the Kashmir dispute and signing a treaty of peace, security, and friendship in 2007 on the lines of Elysée Treaty signed between Germany and France. But then Mumbai happened in 2008. Since then, despite several efforts, both countries could not come back to the negotiation track which was termed as a stalemate by many observers of South Asian politics. On top of it, the Modi government in India unilaterally revoked Articles 370 and 35-A of its Constitution in August 2019 and converted the autonomous state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories. This step has further deepened the stalemate. In this paper, tracing the developments from 2008 onwards, the nature and scope of the stalemate between India and Pakistan are studied. An attempt is made to identify the conflicting issues that have caused this stalemate and where exactly they are stuck. Moreover, the paper also discusses how the two countries can move forward and what can the possible way out is if both parties are willing to move forward.

First Published

December 25, 2022

How to Cite

Saeed Ahmed Rid, “Explaining the Current India-Pakistan Stalemate: How can they Move Ahead?,” Regional Studies 40, no.2(Winter 2022): 3-17


Volume 40, Issue 2