Sarwat Rauf and Maira Tariq

Dr. Sarwat Rauf is an Associate Professor of International Relations at the National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad.

Ms. Maira Tariq holds an MPhil degree in International Relations.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Pakistan, India, South Caucasus


India and Pakistan have been taking sides with states in the South Caucasus region since the start of the Azerbaijan-Armenian war in 2020. Pakistan strongly supports Azerbaijan and does not recognise Armenia as a state; whereas India enjoys cordial relations with Armenia and supports it against Azerbaijan. In this background, this paper seeks to answer the following question: how does the involvement of India and Pakistan in the South Caucasus region impact its political situation? In conducting research for this paper, a close examination of daily news, official documents, books, and articles was made for an objective analysis. The study found that the animosity between India and Pakistan has become a considerable factor in shaping the geostrategic environment of the South Caucasus region, particularly after the second Nagorno-Karabakh war. Moreover, friendly relations between Azerbaijan, Pakistan, and Türkiye have become stronger, triggering significant Indian support for Armenia.

First Published

December 25, 2023

How to Cite

Sarwat Rauf, and Maria Tariq, “A Critical Appraisal of India and Pakistan’s Growing Engagement in the South Caucasus Region”, Regional Studies 41, no.2 (Winter 2023), 50-72


Volume 41, Issue 2