Mr. Hannan Hussain is an Assistant Research Associate at the Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI).

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: ASEAN, Pakistan-China Relations, future strategic partnership


In the decades since establishing dialogue relations, China and ASEAN engagements have grown increasingly strategic and developed into one of the most resilient economic and political relationships in Asia. This paper examines major economic and diplomatic strategies behind that success, with key lessons to inform Pakistan’s future approach to the 10-member bloc. It begins with a historical background of China-ASEAN relations, and their distinct motivations to deepen engagement. The paper highlights that the China-ASEAN strategic partnership was an important factor in helping low-growth Southeast Asian economies achieve domestic competitiveness post[1]1990s, open up new trade and investment opportunities in the region, and accelerate the Belt and Road progress. Based on ASEAN’s experience with China, the paper offers concrete policy recommendations for Pakistan to advance its case for a full dialogue partner with the $3.2 trillion bloc. Other recommendations include a long-term opening for diversified economic and trade engagement with ASEAN and accelerated progress for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in areas such as transport infrastructure, energy, and industrial cooperation. Pakistan can learn from three ASEAN states — Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam — that faced similar economic, trade, and growth challenges in recent years, and the strategies that they employed to address these impediments.

First Published

December 25,2023

How to Cite

Hannan Hussain, “Advancing Pakistan-ASEAN Engagement: Lessons from ASEAN-China Relations”, Regional Studies 41, no.2 (Winter 2023), 73-102 https://regionalstudies.com.pk/wp/article/advancing-pakistan-asean-engagement-lessons-from-asean-china-relations/


Volume 41, Issue 2