Sana Taha Gondal

Ms. Sana Taha is Law Clerk at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: Transboundary water law, lower riparian, water governance


In recent decades, water shortage has become a serious concern for the global community. With the threat of drought and water scarcity looming over several nations, state practice with respect to water cooperation and transboundary water rights has developed rapidly. In light of these developments and the recent skirmishes between India and Pakistan, the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960 between the two states becomes questionable for being outdated and incapable of meeting the contemporary water, environmental, and ecological challenges facing them. There is, therefore, a pressing need to review the Indus Waters Treaty and to assess Pakistan’s rights to transboundary waters shared with India under the rapidly developing customary international law.

First Published

March 25, 2019

How to Cite

Sana Taha Gondal, “An Appraisal of Pakistan’s Rights Under the Indus Waters Treaty,” Regional Studies 37, no.1 (Spring 2019): 3-33,


Volume 37, Issue 1