Zunaira Inam Khan

Ms. Zunaira Inam Khan is Research Officer at the Institute of Regional Studies, Islamabad.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: Gilgit-Baltistan, constitutional status, interim/provisional province, de facto integration, referendum, unconditional accession.


This paper analyses the conundrum of the constitutional status of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB). The question is raised consistently whether GB should be considered a fully integrated part of Pakistan or part of Kashmir. There has also been a lot of debate on a de facto integration of GB with Pakistan. The paper discusses the political history and developments in the region and what could be called a progressive realisation of rights. It outlines the governance system in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK), the fallout from the revocation of Article 370, and the major differences between IOK’s and GB’s constitutional status. Five possible policy options are presented for Pakistan, along with their respective advantages and disadvantages. In the end, specific recommendations are given regarding the next steps Pakistan needs to undertake to address the GB question.

First Published

December 25, 2019

How to Cite

Zunaira Inam Khan, “Constitutional Status of Gilgit-Baltistan: Future Scenarios,” Regional Studies 37, no.4 (Winter 2019): 61-89, https://regionalstudies.com.pk/wp/article/constitutional-status-of-gilgit-baltistan-future-scenarios/


Volume 37, Issue 4