Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi, Syed Qandil Abbas, and Syeda Hudaisa Kazmi

Mr. Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi is a PhD scholar and currently the in-charge of Iran Program at the Institute of Regional Studies (IRS), Islamabad. Dr.

Syed Qandil Abbas is an Assistant Professor at the School of Politics and International Relations (SPIR), Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad.

Ms. Syeda Hudaisa Kazmi is a PhD scholar at the SPIR, QAU, Islamabad.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: multi-polarity, Middle East, great power competition, patron-client relationship, US-China competition


As the international structure is moving towards global multi[1]polarity, its implications are manifest in the Middle East as well. This paper attempts to explore the changing nature of the interaction between the Middle East and the international structure. It explains how the Middle East could become a central region in defining global multi-polarity as multiple actors have stakes in the region. While using the qualitative methodology, the paper attempts to comparatively discuss the policies of three major powers, i.e., China, Russia, and the US, in the Middle East. The paper examines the traditional patron[1]client relationship between the global powers and the regional states and elaborates on the transition in this relationship while outlining the reasons. The paper also attempts to answer the query of how the interests of global powers change vis-à-vis the transformation of the regional geopolitical structure of the Middle East.

First Published

December 25, 2023

How to Cite

Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi, Syed Qandil Abbas, and Syeda Hudaisa Kazmi, “Global Multipolarity and the Interests of Major Powers in the Middle East”, Regional Studies 41, no.2 (Winter 2023), 23-49


Volume 41, Issue 2