Mr. Fraz Hussain Naqvi is an Assistant Research Officer at the Institute of Regional Studies, Islamabad, and Ms. Ammara Zaheer is a research intern associated with the Iran Program at IRS.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: Mahsa Amini, Anti-Hijab Protests, Post-Truth, Hybrid Warfare, Islamophobia, Iran


The issue of Hijab has gained significant attention globally for the past few years. While in one corner the movements lay emphasis on Islamic identity and observation of Hijab, in many other parts of the word, Hijab is seen as repressive. Most of the anti-Hijab campaigns find support in Western capitals that has caused a reaction from the Muslim world. The criticism on Hijab is seen as Islamophobic. The states in which Hijab is a compulsion also include Iran. The protests inside Iran against Hijab have been a common feature since 2018. In 2022, the death of Mahsa Amini and the subsequent outcry has once again brought the issue of Hijab into limelight. Nonetheless, more than Hijab, the domestic agitation against the government entails various factors while the global coverage of anti-Hijab protests inside Iran depict a visible anti-Iranian rhetoric. This paper evaluates the role of media and the shaping of perception with regards to anti-Hijab protests inside Iran and attempts to decipher the factors that made Hijab a political symbol instead of being taken up as a social issue.

First Published

December 25, 2022

How to Cite

Syed Fraz Hussain Naqvi and Ammara Zaheer, “Mahsa Amini and Anti-Hijab Protests in Iran: A Post-Truth Analysis,” Regional Studies 40, no.2(Winter 2022):36-57,


Volume 40, Issue 2