Arhama Siddiqa and Asad Ullah Khan

Ms. Arhama Siddiqa is a Research Fellow at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) and a PhD candidate at Quaid-e-Azam University. Her research focus is politics, economics and security in the Middle East.

Mr. Asad Ullah Khan is former Research Fellow at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: GCC, Türkiye, economics, CPEC, energy, food security


The transformative shift towards a multipolar global order has significantly reshaped international relations, enhancing the emphasis on economic diplomacy, notably in regions such as the Middle East and South Asia. Within this context, Pakistan, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and Türkiye have undergone adaptations in response to these evolving dynamics. While Türkiye and the GCC wield influence in the Middle East, Pakistan holds a distinctive position within the Muslim world. Islamabad’s deep-rooted connections with the GCC and Türkiye, initially stemming from religious commonality, have evolved to encompass political, security, and economic dimensions, exemplified by robust defence collaborations and the substantial presence of Pakistani expatriates in these regions. By using the regional integration theory, this research scrutinises the possibility of potential trilateral cooperation, particularly in domains such as energy and food security, within the framework of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The research findings highlight the alignment of interests and offer a comprehensive scrutiny of Pakistan’s associations with the GCC and Türkiye, accentuating the potential for a more robust trilateral alliance within the context of the CPEC initiative

First Published

December 25, 2023

How to Cite

Arhama Siddiqa, and Asadullah Khan, “The Potential of a Pakistan-Türkiye-GCC Trilateral within the Framework of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)”, Regional Studies 41, no.2 (Winter 2023), 103-129


Volume 41, Issue 2