Ms. Laraib Farhat is as an Assistant Research Officer at the Strengthening Regional Climate Resilience Desk at the Institute of Regional Studies.

DOI: http://DOI Number

Keywords: industrialisation, climate change, technological innovation, ecological modernisation, fossil fuels, renewable energy


The society has undergone a significant transformation, transitioning from reliance on farms, villages, and feudalism to embracing the advancements of modern technologies in the last few years. Over the past half a century, there has been a substantial increase in the consumption of fossil fuels, accounting for eight times the amount used in the pre-industrial era. Consequently, these additional greenhouse gases produced by anthropogenic activities that emerged during the post-industrialisation period are adversely affecting the environment. This research takes an exploratory approach to understanding how the climate crisis, largely generated by the Industrial Revolution, can be mitigated through technological innovation under the principles of ecological modernisation. While doing so, it explores how, under the aegis of ecological modernisation, technologies like carbon capture and storage, low-carbon energy production, and nuclear energy present feasible solutions to the increased reliance on fossil fuels. The study also analyses the social impact of environmental damage control by incorporating the idea of transitioning to a circular economy which has not been explored in other studies under the ambit of ecological modernisation.

First Published

June 25, 2023

How to Cite

Laraib Farhat, “Transforming the Industrial Revolution: A Vision for Tech-Based Solutions for Climate Crisis”, Regional Studies 41, no. 1 (Summer 2023): 80-102 in a new tab)


Volume 41, Issue 1